A Game Informatical Comparison of Chess and Association Football (Soccer)

Norizan Mat Diah, Nathan Nossal, Nor Azan Mat Zin, Tadaki Higuchi, Hiroyuki Iida


Games which persist across cultures and eras are not static institutions; they evolve when they do not go extinct. Changes of rules, styles and strategies contribute to the evolution of games. Western chess and football continue to grow in popularity after more than a century of codification and periodic changes. We apply the game refinement measure to football, and compare the results to that of chess. Also we consider the results of the sub-game in football and the match game in chess. Using the analogy of the round match in chess applied to the information of the sub-game in football, we found the result of game refinement in championship football to be similar to that of championship chess.


Game; Refinement theory; soccer; football

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